178. R & R Clark / Arthur Hamilton Norway 1897


 Arthur Hamilton Norway (1859-1938) wrote a number of travel books based largely on his own experiences while walking through the countryside. He not only described the country and the towns but also wrote considerably about the people and their history. Highways and Byways in Devon and Cornwall was one of a long series and was illustrated by Joseph Pennell1 (1858-1926) and Hugh Thomson (1860-1920). The book contained a simple map of Devon and Cornwall, showing the author’s tour from Lyme Regis around the coast to Lynton.

Joseph Pennell was an American who lived and worked extensively in Europe although born and educated in Philadelphia. He was book illustrator, etcher and lithographer (and first president of the Senefelder Club) and wrote a bibliography of James Whistler.2 He wrote a series of lectures for the Slade School which were collected and published as The Illustration of Books and intended as a manual for the use of students (pub. T Fisher Unwin, 1896). This described the printmaking processes for the reproduction of artwork by both traditional and the newer photo-mechanical methods.

Highways and Byways in Devon and Cornwall appeared in 1897 published by Macmillan. Devon and Cornwall was soon reprinted (twice in 1898) and other Highways and Byways followed, including Yorkshire by Norway (1899), Donegal and Antrim by Stephen Gwynn, North Wales by A G Bradley and East Anglia by William A Dutt. These were all illustrated by Thomson and/or Pennell. One guide of Europe (Highways and Byways in Normandy) was written by Percy Dearmer. Although all of these appeared under the Macmillan label, one further guide written by Norway, Naples, Past and Present, was published by Methuen & Co. in 1901. Norway also wrote other works on the West Country including a History of the Post Office Packet Service (1793-1815).

The map of Devon and Cornwall is very simple and has no title. Neither roads nor railways are shown and only the principal towns and rivers that lay along the author’s route are  included. There is a simple north compass and  a note of the Author’s Route (the route being printed in red). The printers were R & R Clark who were the main printers for Black's Devon guides.

Size: 182 x 250 mm.                                                                                                                                         Scale of  Miles (24 = 45 mm) Miles.

The map has no title but there is an imprint: R & R Clark, Limited, Printers, Edinburgh (AeOS).

1. 1897 Highways and Byways in Devon and Cornwall  
    London. Macmillan & Co. Ltd. 1897.                                                                   BL, E, FB.
    Highways and Byways in Devon and Cornwall  
    London. Macmillan & Co. Ltd. 18983, 1900.                                                     E, OrU; KB.

[1] Sets of 20 lithographs printed by Joseph Pennell for and with the title Highways and Byways in Devon and Cornwall were sold. The British Library (10352.m.16) has a set.

[2] Ian Mackenzie (1987).

[3] This was printed twice - in January and September.