119. Joshua Archer / Thomas Dugdale 1842

 

Joshua Archer (fl.1830-1850) was a prolific engraver of maps. He had produced a series of maps for William Pinnock (108), a part series of Diocese maps for the British Magazine (1841-1844, see previous entry), some of the maps for Henry Fisher (see 120) and engraved a set for Thomas Dugdale’s Curiosities of Great Britain. These Dugdale maps were engraved by Archer to replace those by Cole and Roper (67) found in the early copies of Dugdale’s (fl.1835-60) historical and topographical, gazetteer-style work. This was first published in 1835 using maps produced 30 years earlier. These were gradually replaced but the Tallis firm used up copies of the Cole and Roper maps and some copies of the Curiosities contain maps by both engravers.1 The maps continued to be used in works ostensibly by Dugdale, but edited by the Rev. J Barclay (issued in parts), William Goldsmith or E L Blanchard and published by John (d.1842) or Lucinda Tallis and company but they often contained the same text. E L Blanchard (1820-89) was responsible for staging an annual pantomime at the Drury Lane Theatre in London.2 The sequence of railway improvements made to the maps is confusing: projected lines appear and are later deleted, e.g. the Crediton to Bideford line, added in two stages (states 4 and 5), was removed in 1858 (state 6) due to the delays in building the line.

Size: 180 x 230 mm.                                                                                                                                           SCALE (20 = 44 mm) Miles.

DEVONSHIRE. Plate no.11 (EaOS). Signature: Drawn and Engraved by J. Archer Pentonville London (EeOS).      

1.  1842  Curiosities of Great Britain. England and Wales Delineated ... by Thomas Dugdale Antiquarian, ... Assisted by William Burnett ... Vol.I .  
    London. John Tallis.3 (1842).  B.
       
2. 1842 Imprint: Engraved for Dugdales England and Wales Delineated (CeOS). Railway to Exeter.  
       
    Curiosities of Great Britain. England and Wales Delineated ... by Thomas Dugdale,  
    London. L Tallis. (1842). BCL, C4, W.
       
3. 1842 Dugdale imprint deleted.  
       
    Curiosities of Great Britain. England and Wales Delineated ... Vol.II  
    London. L Tallis. (1842). BL, CB, KB.
       
    The Universal English Dictionary ... by The Rev. J Barclay,  
    London and Glasgow. J & F Tallis. (1846).   MCL.
       
4. 1850 Railways to Plymouth, Barnstaple (Taw Vale Ry), Tiverton, Exmouth and line complete to Kingswear. Line to Moreton Hampstead incomplete and Dartmoor Railway shown as full railway.  
       
    Curiosities of Great Britain. England and Wales Delineated ... Vol.II  
    London. L Tallis. (1850).   W, B, BL.
       
    The Universal English Dictionary ... by The Rev. J Barclay,  
    London and New York. John Tallis & Co. (1850).CB. CB.
       
    Barclay’s Universal English Dictionary Improved  
    London and New York. John Tallis & Co. (1850).       WSL.
       
5. 1850 Railway: Bideford, South Molton (from Umberleigh Bridge), Berry Head, Ashburton (from Newton Bushel).  
       
    Curiosities of Great Britain.  
    London. L Tallis. (1850). W.
       
    Modern & Popular Geography. Vol. I ... By William Goldsmith         
    London. Edinburgh & Dublin. J & F Tallis. (1850).     CB.
       
6. 1858 Railways erased: Crediton to Bideford (V & Rstill just visible), South Molton and Torquay to Kingswear. Roads revised: Torquay, Brixham and Lympstone (Exmouth).  
       
     Dugdale's England and Wales Delineated ... edited by E L Blanchard    
    London. L Tallis. (1858). BL.
       
7. 1860 The Crediton-Bideford railway is reinstated with slightly different route, i.e. passes through last two letters of Eggesford (the V of Vale just visible); Ashburton route erased.  (E).
       
    The Topographical Dictionary of England & Wales Vol. I  
    London. L Tallis. (1860). C.
       
8. 1860

Railways: Plymouth-Tavistock, line into Cornwall, Torquay-Paignton reappears. (The V now barely visible)

 
    Tallis's Topographical Dictionary of England & Wales  
    London. L Tallis. (1860).  CB.
       
    Topographical Atlas of England & Wales     
    London. L Tallis. (1860).  CB.
       
    Curiosities of Great Britain Vol. II (of IX)  
    London. L Tallis. (1860). CB.
       
    The Topographical Dictionary of England & Wales Vol. I (of VI)  
    London. L Tallis. (1860).   CB.
       

[1] David Smith; 1985; p. 123.

[2] R Carroll;1996; p. 287.

[3] Many of the volumes containing Devon are without publisher’s name. Other volumes in one and the same series have either J Tallis or L Tallis, i.e. both names are found in the same series. The dates of all volumes are speculative and the leading county carto-bibliographers often differ as to dating. This is more difficult for multi-volume series such as the Dugdale works offered in sets of up to 9 volumes.

[4] Collection of maps without title or text.